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All about ENTICE

ENTICE is a project funded by through the European Commission FP7 Marie Curie Initial Training Network (MC ITN). ENTICE is an abbreviation for Engineering Tribochemistry and Interfaces with a Focus on the Internal Combustion Engine. As the title suggests, this project is all about adding knowledge on tribological processes within internal combustion engines.

Who is involved

The ENTICE network brings together key active research groups in Europe with complementary expertise. Leading industrial companies will participate in training and facilitating transfer of knowledge to and from the industrial sector through research programmes.  To read more about the partners involved click here.


Stringent environmental legislations are calling for the use of less harmful chemicals in the automotive industry thus stimulating research in engine tribology/tribochemistry which involves; green lubricant formulations, materials/metallurgy and surface coatings, friction and wear optimisation. Green Lubricant formulation for internal combustion engines is therefore a significant prerequisite for actualizing the environmental needs. Equally important is the selection of proper materials and surface coatings for engine downsizing which will interact effectively with the formulated lubricant to optimise the tribological characteristics of the system. Whilst the environmental issues are very difficult to achieve, a competitive advantage can be gained with research and development (R&D) which will facilitate real change. 

 Key research areas within ENTICE

  • Physical phenomena of tribochemistry of boundary lubricated contacts.
  • Lubricant chemistry, additive degradation and the tribochemistry processes.
  • Tribochemistry processes in non-ferrous materials.
  • Tribochemistry in engine systems; development of techniques to study tribochemistry processes observed in automotive engines.

To read more on research click here.

Scientific and Technological Objectives

  • Develop models that explain the function of lubricant additives from the bulk to the macroscale tribological performance, taking into account additive degradation, material physical/chemical/mechanical properties, additive/surface and additive/additive interactions.
  • Achieve an optimised material/lubricant interaction for low friction and high durability in IC engine components lubricated in boundary and mixed regimes, when using both fresh and aged oils. 
  • Build up the next generation of in-situ tribology/tribochemistry metrology techniques for chemical characterisation of the buried tribology interface.
  • Establish bench tribochemistry study methodologies of relevance to the IC engine for significantly improving the costs related to the design and approval process of novel tribology technologies. 
  • Develop an extensible, multiscale computational framework incorporating real surfaces, microstructures and dynamic surface modification to understand both friction reduction and fatigue mechanisms.

 ENTICE Initial Training Network objectives 

  • Facilitate and support scientific and professional development of two experienced researchers (ERs) to enable them to become the research leaders in two challenging interdisciplinary research areas.
  • Disseminate the knowledge and products developed through scientific research to industry, policy makers and the wider academic community for maximum impact of the research.
  • Initiate a sustainable long-term research, training and educational collaboration between the partners involved.



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Research Partners

University of Leeds Ecole Centrale LyonUniversity of Ljubljana Mercedes-Benz Act Research Total SKF 

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